A submarine mountain range has mountains with flat tops.
In the South Atlantic, nearly 2,000 kilometers southwest of South Africa, a research team from Scripps Institution of Oceanography has mapped a mountain range that we have only known from satellite photos - and whose highest mountain rises 4500 meters from the seabed.
The mountains of this chain have flat tops and are extremely steep. Scientists are interested in such undersea mountains for more reasons. Further investigation of the geological composition of the mountains can teach us something about the interior of the earth, and mountains have a major influence on the ecosystems of an area.
Mapping the undersea mountains on earth has only just begun. 13,000 mountains have already been found via satellites, but the Scripps research team thinks there are more than 100,000 undersea mountains over 1,000 meters high.